A brief history of the development of modern lithium battery materials technology

Many advantages of lithium batteries, lithium batteries are widely used in electric vehicles, digital products and home appliances. However, the development of lithium batteries is not a one-step process. The following is a compilation of the history of the development of lithium batteries in modern times for everyone to understand:

Material field
Technology upgrade / breakthrough
R&D company / unit
Field of use
Time (year)
Performance improvement
Cathode material
Manganese spar
(LMO for short)
LG Chemistry,
Japan NEC,
South Korea's Samsung,
Hitachi, Japan
Nissan Motors of Japan
hybrid car,
Electronic product lithium battery
1996
Increased durability
Cost reduction
Lithium iron phosphate ion
Texas State University,
American Phostech lithium battery company,
Valence Technologies, Inc., USA
American A123 Lithium Battery Company,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Segway electric car,
electrical tools,
Avionics,
hybrid car
1996
Increased energy density
(2 Ah, 70A)
High temperature resistance
(>60 °C)
Nickel, manganese, cobalt
Ternary transition
Lithium metal oxide
(referred to as NMC)
American Imara Group,
Nissan Motors of Japan
2008
Increased energy density
Increased energy output
Increased safety
LMO/NMC
Sony, Japan
Sanyo, Japan
Increased energy output
Increased safety
Lithium iron phosphate
University of Waterloo
2007
Increased durability
Cost reduction
(replaces sodium with lithium)
Lithium air battery
Dayton City University Research Institute
Car battery
2009
Increased energy output
Increased safety
Vanadium doped 5%
Lithium iron phosphate olivine
University of Birmingham
2008
Increased energy output
Anode material
Lithium titanate
(referred to as LT)
Altairnano Nanotechnology Corporation
car,
Power grid,
Bus
2008
Increased energy output
Shorter charging time
Durability is greatly improved
(20 years / 9000 charge and discharge)
Increased safety
Normal operating temperature expansion
(-50C to +70C)
Lithium vanadium oxide
South Korea's Samsung,
Subaru, Japan
Car battery
2007
Increased energy density
(745Wh/l)
Virus culture nanotube
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2006
Increased energy density
Increase in concentration
Stainless steel nanotube
Stanford University
2007
Increased energy density
Increased durability
Metal hydride
French Solid Chemical Reaction Laboratory,
General Motors
2008
Increased energy density
(1480 mAh/g)
Electrolyte /
Diaphragm
LT/LMO
Japanese Ener1 battery,
Delphi Automotive
2006
Increased durability
Increased safety
Nano-structure
Paul Sabatir University,
Picardy Jules Verne University
2006
Increased energy density
Virus culture synthesis
Gold-doped compound
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2009
Increased energy density

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