Associate Professor of North China Electric Power University: Shenzhen Transmission and Distribution Price Reform Opens Power Industry Spring

At the beginning of the new year, the Shenzhen pilot blew the horn of China's power reform. Starting this year, Shenzhen will implement new transmission and distribution price levels. According to the previous Notice of the National Development and Reform Commission on Shenzhen's Pilot Reform of Transmission and Distribution Price Reform, the National Development and Reform Commission has approved the first supervision cycle of Shenzhen (2015-2017) after consulting the National Energy Administration. Transmission and distribution price level. In the past three years, the average level of transmission and distribution prices was 0.1435 yuan, 0.1433 yuan and 0.1428 yuan per kWh, showing a trend of decreasing. Among them, the average level of transmission and distribution prices in 2015 will be 1.23 points lower than the 0.1558 yuan per kWh in 2014, a decrease of about 7.89%.

The reform of the power system is an important reform in the energy field. After the reform, the implementation of “opening the two sides and controlling the middle” has been implemented to ensure the smooth development of large-scale direct purchase of electricity, and to open the future power sales side, open the electricity price and independence from the power transaction. Created the necessary conditions.

The main significance of this reform is: First, the reform of China's power transmission and distribution assets have been comprehensively and effectively combed, which is conducive to the comprehensive implementation of the main and auxiliary separation reform; Second, the pilot transmission and distribution price formulation method is in line with international common methods, and has nothing to do with transmission and distribution. Assets and irrational assets were strictly reduced in the approval of the transmission and distribution tariffs, reflecting that the power regulation has become more scientific and refined. Third, the average level of the transmission and distribution prices after the approval has declined, in order to further reduce the level of sales electricity prices. The fourth is the detailed approval method for different electricity price levels, which lays a preliminary foundation for the future independent accounting of transmission and distribution prices, cross-subsidy accounting and correction; fifth, the verification of transmission and distribution prices will be conducive to the promotion of direct purchase price reform. Reduced transaction costs.

The development of direct purchase of electricity will enable enterprises and power distribution enterprises to have the right to choose power generation enterprises, which will help to further enhance the power generation enterprises to reduce costs and improve efficiency. This reform also strictly limits the cost and price of transmission links. Enterprises and residents can therefore get lower electricity costs. In the long run, power consumption is an important cost for enterprise production. A moderate reduction in electricity prices is also conducive to enhancing China's industrial competitiveness, especially the competitiveness of manufacturing.

In addition, the pilot project in Shenzhen will bring useful experience for the future reform of the transmission and distribution price of Mengxi Power Grid and the promotion of the province and beyond, and will deliver a favorable price signal for the sale side. At the same time, the marketization of the power system will also provide price signals for effective and modest investment in the grid, providing a competitive benchmark for grid operation management and efficiency.

For the reform of the Shenzhen power system, we must pay attention to discovering problems and solving problems in a timely manner, and establish a risk monitoring and dynamic fine-tuning mechanism. In the future reform, we must pay attention to the following points: First, we must clarify the operational orientation of the power transmission public service industry of the power grid enterprises. It should be gradually adjusted and clarified according to the reform process to avoid the misplacement of reforms. Second, accelerate the substantive advancement of the main and auxiliary reforms. Strictly verify the effective transmission and distribution assets and expenses of the power grid, and lay a solid foundation for clarifying the transmission and distribution prices; third, it should ensure the incentive effect of the power grid and avoid its discriminatory operation, and implement scientific and effective dynamic cost, price and income control; It is necessary to further strengthen the network loss management within the power grid, establish a dynamic network loss management mechanism, and improve the efficiency of power transmission and distribution operation management. Fifth, it should combine the national and regional industrial policies and the status quo of direct purchase of large users to establish flexible large-scale direct purchase price negotiation. Mechanism to avoid the distribution of electricity price benefits to reproduce contradictions.

The focus of China's power reform is electricity price reform. The reform of transmission and distribution price is related to the effective and modest investment of China's electric power, the strategic integration of renewable energy grid-connected and the upstream and downstream development of the power industry. The distortion of electricity price signals may result in low efficiency of power investment and operation, and conflicts of interest conflicts, which is not conducive to the sustained and healthy development of industries such as electricity. Fortunately, at the beginning of 2015, Shenzhen Electric Power Reform took an important step, and the spring of power industry development is approaching.

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